Treating and Diagnosing Peptic Ulcers
You Just Watched:
After an endoscopy, a diagnosis of a peptic ulcer can be made and treatment can begin. A return to digestive health may require triple-therapy, which involves taking a medication (like amoxicillin) to kill ulcer-inducing helicobacter pylori bacteria.
Transcript: Twenty-five million Americans will be affected with peptic ulcers at some point! Here, we'll look at...
Twenty-five million Americans will be affected with peptic ulcers at some point! Here, we'll look at how a diagnosis is made and the treatment that follows. A peptic ulcer is an open sore located in the stomach or upper portion of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers usually manifest as burning pain in the abdomen. Peptic ulcer pain may be temporarily abated by eating if the ulcer is located in the small intestine, also called the duodenum, or by taking antacids, if the ulcer is located in the stomach. If your doctor suspects that you have a peptic ulcer, he or she will generally perform one of two imaging tests - an upper gastrointestinal X-ray, or an endoscopy. An endoscopy is performed under anesthesia. During this procedure, a doctor will insert a long, thin tube with a camera attached down the throat and into the stomach. Both an endoscopy and an X-ray will allow an ulcer to be detected pictorially.If an ulcer IS present, and a doctor has performed an endoscopy, he or she will often take a biopsy, or tissue sample, of the area. The biopsy can rule out stomach cancer, and can also identify the presence of a bacterium called helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori. Most peptic ulcers are actually caused by this bacterium, which is also detectable via a blood, stool, or breath test. It's important to identify H. pylori in patients with ulcers, because not EVERY ulcer is caused by the bacteria. Sometimes, ulcers stem from repeated use of pain medications in the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory family. These NSAIDs include aspirin and ibuprofen. If H. pylori is NOT present in a diagnostic test, then a doctor will often recommend cessation of NSAID medication. If a person IS, however, infected with H. pylori, treatment will focus on two goals-killing the bacteria and reducing acid in the stomach, thereby relieving pain and encouraging healing. Since healing focuses on two different goals, treatment is complex and requires the use of multiple medications. The most effective treatment is known as triple-therapy. This involves taking a fourteen day course of two antibiotics to kill the H. pylori plus an acid suppressor, or stomach-lining shield, to reduce acid levels in the stomach. The most common antibiotics used to kill H. pylori are the prescription drugs clarithromycin and amoxicillin. As we have seen, it is not necessary to live with a painful peptic ulcer, as treatment is entirely possible. Please speak with your doctor if you have concerns about this condition.More »
Last Modified: 2013-05-01 | Tags »
peptic ulcer treatments, ulcer relief, endoscopy, helicobacter pylori, NSAIDs, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, triple therapy peptic ulcer, duodenum, stomach acid gastrointestinal, stomach pain, stomach, intestine, duodenum, digestive disorders, digestive health, bowels, stomach, intestines, guts
It is important to know what causes the appendix to get inflamed and how to respond if that happens. Watch this to learn more about appendicitis.
Transcript: We've all seen television episodes where a character suddenly clutches their side and doubles over screaming...
We've all seen television episodes where a character suddenly clutches their side and doubles over screaming in pain, as Dwight Schrute, did in an episode of "The Office." But while it may bring TV laughs, there's nothing funny about appendicitis. The appendix is a mysterious organ 2 to 4 inches long located at the beginning of the large intestine. Until very recently doctors thought it served no particular purpose. However, we now know the appendix sequesters healthful gut bacteria, so that if you're ill and good gut bacteria are flushed out because of diarrhea, for example, the PROTECTED bugs can leave their hiding place and get back into the intestines to help re-establish the correct balance of micro-ogranisms in your system. Appendicitis happens when the opening of the appendix is blocked, by mucus or stool, or because it becomes swollen in response to an infection anywhere in the body. It triggers sharp pain in the lower right side of your abdomen. If this happens to you, do NOT ignore it. Without prompt treatment your appendix can burst and leak infectious matter into the abdomen. This can be life-threatening and can happen in as little as 48 hours after the first signs of trouble, which is why appendicitis is always considered a medical emergency requiring surgery to remove the appendix. Symptoms, such as intestinal pain, are easy to mistake for simple digestive upset - at least at first. If untreated, you can develop more severe pain, usually on your right side, fever, nausea and vomiting, constipation or diarrhea, and bloating and swelling of the abdomen. So whenever you have acute abdominal pain, call a doctor right away. If it's appendicitis but your appendix is still intact, you will likely be prepped for minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. If your appendix BURSTS, this is more serious and immediate and more invasive surgery is required to remove the appendix and to clean and disinfect the abdomen. Recovery time can be up to double that of regular appendicitis. To learn about other common digestive disorders, check out other videos on this site.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
appendicitis, mucus, stool blockage, swollen appendix, sharp abdominal pain, Dwight Schrute, appendix, medical assitance appendix digestion, digestive system, digestive problems medical assitance
You might easily confuse constipation with bowel obstruction. Monitor your symptoms carefully to know what you are suffering from. Find out more in this video.
Transcript: Haven't gone to the bathroom in a few days? Think it's probably just constipation? Not so fast. It's...
Haven't gone to the bathroom in a few days? Think it's probably just constipation? Not so fast. It's possible that your lack of regularity may be a sign of a bigger digestive issue - bowel obstruction. You can develop an obstruction in the small and large intestines, as well as the colon if your intestines aren't functioning properly and digested food is not being moved along through the digestive system. Infants and children are MOST likely to have this kind of problem, due to their immature digestive system. Other times a bowel obstruction is caused by something actually being in the way - preventing regular evacuation. Hernias, scar tissue from past surgeries, or a tumor are the most common physical obstacles. These usually affect the SMALL intestine - that's the part between the stomach and the colon. Less common, but more serious, obstructions can occur in the large intestine and are caused by impacted feces, a narrowing of the colon caused by inflammation and scarring, a twisting of the colon, or by colon cancer. No matter WHERE the obstruction occurs, the symptoms include abdominal pain and swelling, bad breath, nausea, and vomiting. One MAJOR warning sign is the inability to pass gas or have a bowel movement despite frequently feeling like you have to go. However, do not discount instances of diarrhea; liquid stool can often sneak by a blockage. If you have any combination of these symptoms see a doctor right away. Doctors may try to ease abdominal pressure by delivering a mix of antibiotics, intravenous fluids, and pain medication into the intestines. If symptoms do not subside after a few days, however, surgery will be required to remove the obstruction and to check for damage in the digestive track. In rare cases an obstruction can cause a tear in the intestines, and THAT can cause a life-threatening infection, so it's important not to ignore any lingering abdominal pain. Interested in other digestive issues? Then check out more videos in this series.More »
bowel obstruction, undigested food, hernias, scar tissue, abdominal pain, swelling, bad breath, nausea, vomiting, inflammation, scarring, bowel movement, liquid stoollarge intestine, small intestinemedical assitance large intestine, small intestine digestion problems medical assitance
Diverticular disease is a product of three conditions with their own symptoms. Watch our video to learn about the causes and manifestations of each of these conditions.
Transcript: Diverticular disease is associated with obesity, low fiber intake, age-related changes in the wall of...
Diverticular disease is associated with obesity, low fiber intake, age-related changes in the wall of the colon and lack of physical activity - but no one knows for sure what causes small pouches - called diverticula -to appear in the lining of the colon and poke out into the digestive track. If diverticula are not causing ANY symptoms or triggering only mild ones, such as cramping, bloating, and more constipation, the diagnosis is DIVERTICULOSIS. Treatment focuses on eating a high-fiber diet of fruits and vegetables, whole grains and starches like potatoes and beans. Fiber supplements and regular exercise may also be recommended. Unfortunately, the average American gets less than half the recommended daily fiber dose - and that is the major reason that about 50 percent of people 60 and older have diverticulosis. But if stool or bacteria get trapped in one of the pouches, it can become inflamed. That triggers sharp pain, usually in the lower LEFT side of the abdomen, fever, nausea and a sudden change in bowel habits. This acute condition is called DIVERTICULITIS and about 10 to 25 percent of people with diverticuLOSIS develop diverticuLITIS. Diverticulitis complications can include development of antibiotic resistant abscesses, rectal bleeding, the formation of scar tissue in the intestines that creates a blockage, and fistula -adhesions between the colon and the bladder, which can lead to chronic bladder infections. The first line of diverticulitis treatment is with antibiotics and a liquid diet; in severe cases surgery may be needed. While age-related changes to your digestive system are inevitable, a fiber-rich diet can largely prevent the complications of diverticular disease.More »
Last Modified: 2013-09-16 | Tags »
diverticular disease, obesity, low fiber intake, colon, sedentary, age, diverticulosis, exercise, diverticulitis, antibiotic resistant abscesses, rectal bleeding, scar tissue, adhesions, bladder infections.colon, cramping and bloatingantibiotics colon, cramping and bloating digestion, digestive system, digestive problems antibiotics
Making some changes in your diet can help in managing diverticular disease. To know more about managing this disease, watch our video.
Transcript: An apple a day keeps the doctor away -- and may prevent you from developing diverticular disease. Diverticular...
An apple a day keeps the doctor away -- and may prevent you from developing diverticular disease. Diverticular disease actually consists of three conditions - diverticuLOSIS, in which tiny pockets form in the lining of the large intestine; diverticuLITIS, in which the pockets become infected; and diverticular bleeding, in which the blood vessels in the pockets are injured and begin to bleed. Luckily, diverticulosis is treatable and may be preventable. A few lifestyle changes can be the key to a healthy digestive track. Revamp your diet: Get friendly with insoluble fiber, which has a laxative effect and helps waste move easily through the colon, meaning less constipation and a lower risk of developing the little pouches in the colon. Think of fiber as the friend you want to invite to every meal. Fruit, like raw apples, peaches, pears, and tangerines, are the most no-fuss fibrous foods to incorporate into your day. Most fresh vegetables are full of natural fiber. Zucchini, broccoli and dark leafy greens are great sources. And there's no need to overlook carbohydrates. Just steer clear of anything white and stick to the whole grains. Try whole-wheat bread and brown rice as well as bran flakes and oatmeal. If fresh fruits and vegetables are not readily available to you, supplements such as methylcellulose or psyllium can be a good alternative. Pair these healthy options with plenty of fluids throughout the day to help regulate your bowel movements. Avoidance of nuts, popcorn, and sunflower, pumpkin, caraway, and sesame seeds has been recommended by physicians out of fear that food particles could enter, block, or irritate the diverticula. However, no scientific data support this treatment measure. Doctors may also suggest lacing up your gym shoes. Physical activity can actually help keep bowels functioning properly. For more information on diverticular disease and other digestive track ailments, check out other videos on this site.More »
diverticular disease, diverticulosis, diverticulitis, diverticular bleeding, blood vessel damage, insoluble fiber, fruits, vegetables, exercise.colon, cramping and bloatinglaxatives colon, cramping and bloating digestion, digestive system, digestive problems laxatives
Some people are more prone to gallstones than others. Check out the video to find out the details on gallstone causes, symptoms and treatments.
Transcript: Gallstones are hard pebble-shaped balls-as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. 80 percent...
Gallstones are hard pebble-shaped balls-as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. 80 percent of them are made of cholesterol that is in the gallbladder. The rest are from bilirubin, a yellowish liquid waste product found in the bile - a key digestive fluid that breaks down fat. It is made and released in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. If you have a blood disorder or liver disease, such as cirrhosis, the liver may produce too much of a bilirubin and that can trigger formation of stones. People with diabetes, who are obese, or who have lost weight rapidly are most at risk for gallstones, as are Hispanics and Native Americans. In most cases, gallstones are harmless and you might not even know you have them. But, if one gets lodged in a gallbladder duct -you may get intense pain in the upper right or lower part of your abdomen, in between your shoulder blades or even in your right shoulder. Occasionally an infection may develop, complicating the condition. Gallstone attacks can often strike after eating a fatty meal and can last from anywhere from 30 minutes to a few hours. If you have this kind of pain, and any combination of jaundice, nausea, or discolored stools, see a doctor right away. Untreated, gallstones that are causing serious chronic symptoms can lead to serious health problems, and sometimes even death. Because gallstone attacks tend to recur, the recommended treatment is usually laparoscopic surgery to remove the gallbladder. In patients with mild symptoms or at high risk of surgical complications there are non-surgical options including oral bile salt therapy to dissolve the stones and others options that are rarely used. If you are otherwise healthy, taking out your gallbladder shouldn't cause any digestion problems. However, there is a small risk of diarrhea or fat malabsorption. To help PREVENT gallstones, try sticking to regular meal times, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating food high in fiber and calcium and low in fat. If you are trying to lose weight, do so slowly, because extreme and rapid weight loss can increase your risk of gallstones. For more on how gallstones are diagnosed and treated, check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-11-21 | Tags »
gallstones, bilibrubin, yellowish liquid, bile, cirrhosis, diabetes, obese, fat malabsorption, fibergallbladder, abdominal painsalt therapy, medical assistance gallbladder, abdominal pain digestion, digestive system, digestive problems salt therapy, medical assistance
Would you know if you had a gallstone? Possibly but most probably not. Learn more about diagnosing and treating gallstones by watching this video.
Transcript: Gallstones can come and go without causing ANY symptoms, which is why they often aren't diagnosed until...
Gallstones can come and go without causing ANY symptoms, which is why they often aren't diagnosed until they get lodged in your gallbladder's bile ducts and cause discomfort - or severe pain. GALLSTONES are pebble-like deposits of cholesterol or bilirubin, a liquid waste product found in bile. You can have dozens of them. They can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. A gallstone attack may present as pain in the upper right or middle abdominal area, or even below your right shoulder blade. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting, as well as a fever and chills. Attacks may last from 30 minutes to a few hours. If you experience any of these symptoms, even in the mildest form, see your doctor. Untreated gallstones can cause serious problems, and occasionally death. Gallstones are typically diagnosed using ultrasound. Sometimes you may have a CT scan or cholescintigraphy, which uses radioactive material to identify blockages. Blood tests may be used to look for complications of gallstones such as infection, pancreatitis, or jaundice. If you're susceptible to repeated gallstone attacks, the doctor will most likely suggest laparoscopic surgery to remove the gallbladder. Alternatively, he or she may suggest medications or non-surgical procedures that dissolve the stones so they can pass through the bile ducts. When your gallbladder is removed, doctors connect the liver, where bile is produced, directly to the small intestine. This ensures that bile can flow into your digestive system as usual. Gallbladder removal does not interfere with your ability to digest food. To find out more about gallstones, check out other videos on this site.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-11 | Tags »
gallstones, bilibrubin, yellowish liquid, bile, cirrhosis, obese, abdominal pain, fiber, bile, fluid, jaundice, nausea, discolored stool, discolored poop, fiber intakegallbladder, liversalt therapy, laparoscopic surgery, regular meals gallbladder, liver digestion, digestive system, digestive problems salt therapy, laparoscopic surgery, regular meals
Pancreatitis can be described as inflammation of the pancreas. Watch this video and learn what causes this condition.
Transcript: The pancreas is a small organ that sits behind the stomach, close to the small intestine. It is where...
The pancreas is a small organ that sits behind the stomach, close to the small intestine. It is where the blood-sugar-regulating hormone INSULIN is produced and it is an important part of your digestive system. The pancreas releases enzymes that are secreted into the small intestine to help digest food. But when it isn't working properly those enzymes can become active while still in the pancreas, causing inflammation and pain. This is called acute pancreatitis. More than 70 percent of all cases in the United States are related to alcoholism. Other causes include cystic fibrosis, viral infection such as mumps and pneumonia, abdominal surgery and gallstones. Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing the condition. Symptoms of acute pancreatitis include abdominal pain-particularly after eating-- and it may radiate to your back. It can also cause nausea, vomiting, and a fever. If the pain becomes severe, you need to go to the emergency room. Repeated bouts of pancreatitis can damage the pancreas and cause scar tissue to disrupt organ function. CHRONIC pancreatitis can trigger sudden weight loss, digestion and breathing problems, and diabetes. Further complications can range from infection and malnutrition to kidney failure and pancreatic cancer. Which is why it is important to get your symptoms checked by a medical professional early on. A doctor can diagnose pancreatitis by measuring levels of the digestive enzymes amylase and lipase in the blood. If those levels are high, chances are it's pancreatitis. Additional tests may be done including, an ultrasound or CT scan. To help lower your risk for pancreatitis, or to help recover from a recent attack, doctors recommend giving up alcohol and smoking, adopting a healthy, low-fat diet and drinking lots of water. For more information on common digestive issues, check out more videos on this site.More »
pancreatitis, alcoholism, cystic fibrosis, viral infection, mumps, pneumonia, abdominal surgery, gallstones, genetic predisposition, kidney failure, pancreatic cancer, amylase, lipase stomach, small intestine, pancreas, insulin, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever digestion, digestive system, digestive problem ultrasound, CT scan
What you eat and how you manage your life-style greatly impacts your digestive system. Watch our video on combating common GI woes to learn more.
Transcript: Integrating nutrition, exercise, and the right medical information into a sound plan for good health...
Integrating nutrition, exercise, and the right medical information into a sound plan for good health may be tough, but we've got just the right person to help you. Coach Kendra is an expert nutritionist, a professional personal trainer, and she's certified by the American Association of Drugless Practitioners. Coach Kendra, how can our diet and exercise choices affect our digestive health. Digestive health is intimately linked to what you eat - after all, the digestive process is what breaks the food that you consume into energy and nutrients. Most people who are concerned about their digestive health are worried about a particular problem such as heartburn, diarrhea, or constipation. Each of these conditions has slightly different nutritional needs. People with heartburn are quick to blame their woes on what they eat - but the real culprit is often the way they eat. Two quick ways to get your heartburn in check are to eat less food at each sitting and to avoid eating right before you go to bed. While some people ultimately find that certain foods cause heartburn for them no matter what, many others discover that heartburn can be avoided without eliminating their favorite dishes. Yoga can also be used to help relieve heartburn. Almost everyone experiences constipation at some point in their life. If it happens to you, there are a few simple steps you can take to restore normal movement. The first thing to do is to increase your fiber intake by eating more fruits, vegetables and grains. Fiber helps form soft, bulky stool to increase your regularity. Drinking 6 to 8 glasses of water and walking for 20 to 30 minutes each day can also help get things moving. There are also some Yoga moves that can help with constipation. For people who are suffering from Diarrhea, what you eat and drink can affect how long it takes to get better. Also, make sure you drink plenty of water, because diarrhea dehydrates you, and you'll need to replace lost fluids. For additional relief from diarrhea, you can try a little Yoga. Small changes in diet and exercise can be a big help for digestive conditions like these. However, if these digestive ailments persist for more than a couple of days, or you experience fever, chills, or any other unusual symptom, please make sure to see a doctor right away.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, digestive issues, gastrointestinal, stomach pain, stomach ache, stomachache, vomiting, gas, flatulence, what causes heartburn, what causes indigestion, what causes gastrointestinal problem heartburn foods, foods that cause heart burn, diet and digestion, diet and digestive health conditions, digestive health
Understanding the symptoms and causes of heartburn better will help you manage this condition. Watch this video to learn more.
Transcript: Over 60 million Americans suffer from heartburn at least once a month-that's a lot of people, a lot of...
Over 60 million Americans suffer from heartburn at least once a month-that's a lot of people, a lot of the time! Learn more about this common condition. Despite its name, heartburn has nothing to do with the heart! Actually, heartburn is a painful burning sensation in the esophagus which is caused by acid that refluxes, or seeps up, from the stomach. When you swallow, food passes down the throat through a long tube, the esophagus, to the stomach. A muscular valve called the lower esophageal sphincter, or LES, opens to allow food into the stomach, and then it closes again. At this point, the stomach releases strong acids to help break down the food you've eaten. But if the LES opens too often or doesn't close tightly, that stomach acid can reflux into your esophagus, causing the painful sensation known as heartburn. There are several things that can contribute to the LES that doesn't tighten or close as it should. In up to 90 percent of cases, the cause is diet. The foods most commonly linked to heartburn include chocolate, citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes and tomato sauces, peppermint-flavoring, and spicy foods, although every sufferer has unique triggers and trigger combinations. Alcohol, especially red wine, caffeinated beverages and tobacco products can also contribute to a flare-up. Another cause of heartburn is constant pressure on the stomach. For this reason, many people who are obese suffer from the condition. Additionally, 50 percent of pregnant women experience recurrent heartburn, due to the weight of the baby on their stomach. Occasionally, certain medical conditions can cause bouts of heartburn. In people with diabetes, for example, gastroparesis can lead to the condition. Gastroparesis is a disorder in which the stomach takes too long to empty, occasionally causing its contents to regurgitate into the esophagus. A hiatal hernia is a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes into the esophagus. This can allow stomach acid to back-up and cause heartburn. Asthma has also been linked to a likelihood of heartburn, but the connection is still unclear. Some experts believe that acid in the esophagus triggers an asthma attack by irritating airway nerves. Others suppose that an asthmatic cough can cause the LES to relax. Certain medications can also cause bouts of heartburn. Aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs like Alleve and Advil in particular, are known to trigger symptoms. Because prescription medications can lead to heartburn, too, it's important to talk to your doctor if you're experiencing frequent heartburn while taking prescriptions. Occasional bouts of heartburn, while uncomfortable, are usually not indicative of a bigger problem. However, if heartburn occurs daily or doesn't respond to basic treatment, you may have a more serious problem and should see your doctor immediately.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-04 | Tags »
heartburn, heart burn, GERD, stomach acid, antacid, antacids, stomach pain, acid reflux, gastroparesis, heartburn causes, heartburn diet, stomach pressure, esophagus caffeine, highly acidic foods, citrus fruits, juices, alcohol, aspirin, obesity conditions, digestive health
IBD, or inflammatory bowel disease, is a lifelong condition that affects your intenstines and impacts the quality of your life. Watch this video to understand IBD symptoms, causes and treatments.
Transcript: Inflammatory bowel disease is a lifelong condition that harms the intestines over time. Get the facts...
Inflammatory bowel disease is a lifelong condition that harms the intestines over time. Get the facts on this problem that affects up to one million Americans. Inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, actually refers to a variety of conditions which cause inflammation in the intestines. The most common forms of IBD are two conditions called ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Ulcerative colitis, which is about half as common as Crohn's disease, affects the large intestine, or also colon, as well as the rectum. In ulcerative colitis, the inner lining, or mucosa, of the intestines becomes red and swollen. Ulcers, or open sores, may also appear on the colon. Crohn's disease, on the other hand, can affect any part of the digestive tract, from mouth to anus. Most commonly, Crohn's disease shows up as inflammation in the lower part of the small intestine. Usually, swelling extends deeper into the intestinal wall than in ulcerative colitis. Although inflammatory bowel disease refers to several conditions, they have similar symptoms. The most common is frequent diarrhea and abdominal pain.Many patients with IBD notice blood in the stool, which can lead to anemia. Other signs of IBD include weight loss, fever, chills, and fatigue. Even though inflammatory bowel disease is a lifelong condition, these symptoms do not persist at all times. Generally, people with IBD will cycle through periods during which symptoms flare-up, interspersed with times when the disease is in remission and symptoms disappear. But what makes the intestines become inflamed and irritated in the first place? Unfortunately, IBD is an idiopathic disease, which means researchers just don't know why it occurs. What is known is that in a healthy person, the immune system produces cells and proteins which defend the body against harmful foreign invaders, like bacteria and viruses. Normally, the immune system is activated only when exposed to intruders. When this happens, infection-fighting inflammation occurs within these tissues. In patients with IBD, however, the immune system is chronically activated for no known reason, resulting in abnormal inflammation and ulceration. Doctors do know that there is a genetic predisposition to developing IBD, and that it seems to be more prevalent in Caucasians. In addition, the disease tends to be most often diagnosed in adolescents and young adults from age 15 to 25. Infrequently, patients with IBD can go on to develop more severe diseases, like colon cancer. That's why people with IBD should be under a doctor's care. Inflammatory bowel disease can be frustrating and embarrassing, but the good news is that treatments are available to ease the severity and frequency of symptoms! Please speak with your doctor if you have concerns about IBD.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-17 | Tags »
inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohns disease, signs of ibd, causes of ibd abdominal pain, bowel movement, diarrhea, constipation, colonoscopy, endoscopy gastrointestinal, stomach pain, stomach, intestine, duodenum, digestive disorders, digestive health, bowels, stomach, intestines, guts
Are IBD complications serious? Its symptoms are painful enough, but you should check out this video to learn about the other consequences and effects of inflammatory bowel disease.
Transcript: Inflammatory bowel disease is an incurable condition that affects up to 1 million Americans! What are...
Inflammatory bowel disease is an incurable condition that affects up to 1 million Americans! What are some complications of the disease? In the short-term, inflammatory bowel disease can cause diarrhea and abdominal cramping, yet its long-term effects are more severe. Over time, IBD can lead to other problems, like increased cancer risk. Inflammatory bowel disease actually refers to two diseases of the intestines - ulcerative colitis and Crohn's diseas - which can cause the intestines to become inflamed over time.Crohn's disease inflammation tends to reach deeper into the intestinal wall, while ulcerative colitis is more often accompanied by superficial ulcers on the lining of the small intestine.There is no cure for IBD, and treatment tends to focus on easing inflammation, in the hopes that this will make unpleasant symptoms abate. Unfortunately, even with treatment, long-term complications can stem from inflammatory bowel disease. For example, colon cancer risks rise significantly in patients who have had ulcerative colitis for over eight years, and cancer of the small intestine is more common in patients with long-standing Crohn's disease. In addition, in those with Crohn's disease, an ulcer can tunnel into an adjacent organ on the body, forming what is called a fistula. If a fistula forms between the intestine and the bladder, a patient may have frequent urinary tract infections, or experience the passage of feces during urination. Should a fistula occur between the intestines and the anus, mucous and puss may be discharged with feces from the channel's opening on the anus. And if a fistula forms between the skin and the intestines, a small, pus-secreting, sore may form on the abdomen. Fistulas are often embarrassing and painful, and require medication or even surgery to treat. Unfortunately, they have a high rate of recurrence. Both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease can lead to scarred, narrowed areas of the intestine, called strictures, which make it difficult to pass stool. Strictures can occasionally be repaired with medication, or, more commonly, with surgical procedures. In rare cases, severe inflammation and ulceration will so irritate the muscles in the colon that its walls will stretch. This causes the colon to swell to many times its normal size, a condition known as toxic megacolon. Toxic megacolon is a life threatening condition that can happen to patients with any form of inflammatory bowel disease. It requires emergency treatment. On some occasions, IBD will lead to difficulties outside of the intestines, known as extra-intestinal complications. Some patients experience arthritis, which can cause pain, swelling and stiffness of the joints. Inflammation of the bile ducts, the passages through which the liver sends fluid to the small intestine, may also occur. This can lead to recurrent bacterial infections, or even liver failure. While the potential complications of inflammatory bowel disease are many, they are generally rare, and can often be treated by a doctor. That's why it's vital for people with concerns about IBD to see a physician.More »
Last Modified: 2013-09-27 | Tags »
fistula, megacolon, crohns complications, colitis complications, ibd complications, ibs complications, peptic ulcers, gastric ulcers, stomach ulcers crohns disease, ulcerative colitis, abdominal pain, bowel movement, diarrhea, constipation, colonoscopy, endoscopy gastrointestinal, stomach pain, stomach, intestine, duodenum, digestive disorders, digestive health, bowels, stomach, intestines, guts
Treating IBD with medication can ease flare-ups and other symptoms. Watch this to see how.
Transcript: Inflammatory bowel disease can be uncomfortable and embarrassing, but medications can often ease the...
Inflammatory bowel disease can be uncomfortable and embarrassing, but medications can often ease the symptoms of IBD. Inflammatory bowel disease is an umbrella term for several conditions, including Crohn's disease and various forms of colitis, which result in recurrent inflammation and ulceration in the intestines. There is no cure for IBD, but the disease cycles through periods of symptoms and times of remission, when symptoms disappear. Therefore, the goal of medicinal treatment is twofold: To ease flare-ups in the short term, and to keep the disease in remission in the long term. One family of medications which can extend remission AND ease current discomfort are called aminosalicylates. These include mesalamine, which is branded as Asacol, Pentasa and Lialda, and balsalazide, which is branded as Colazal. The aminosalicylates are aspirin like drugs that decrease inflammation in the intestines. These medications can be taken over long periods of time to help the disease stay in remission, or they can be used for treating mild to moderate flare-ups of IBD. Another treatment option is the corticosteroid family of drugs. These fast-acting medications include prednisone, solumedrol and hydrocortisone. Corticosteroids work very rapidly to ease inflammation, however they are not recommended to maintain remission and doctors usually try to taper their use as soon as possible. This is because corticosteroids can have side effects over the long term, including high blood pressure, depression, osteoporosis, which is thinning of the bones, and even osteonecrosis, which is bone death. Most patients will find success at keeping the disease in remission with aminosalicylates. Should symptoms recur, however, corticosteroids can often effectively ease them. Some people with IBD require more intense medication, known as immuno-modifiers. These work by causing a reduction in the body's lymphocyte, or white-blood cell, count. This, in turn, stops the immune system from producing the inflammatory response. Common immune-modifiers include 6 mercaptopurine, which is marketed as Purinethol, and azathioprine, sold as Imuran. In even more severe cases of inflammatory bowel disease, a medication called infliximab, or Remicade, may be prescribed to be taken intravenously. Infliximab works like this: TNF, a substance produced by the white blood cells, promotes tissue damage in people with IBD. Infliximab binds to TNF, stopping it from causing ulcers and inflammation. While some form of medication typically is effective for people with IBD,some patients with very severe symptoms may not respond to drugs, and may require surgery. Although one million Americans have inflammatory bowel disease,treating the condition is very unique for each individual affected. For this reason, it's important for patients with IBD to be treated by a doctor.More »
Last Modified: 2013-09-27 | Tags »
treating ibd with drugs, ibd drugs, ibd medication, mesalamine, asacol, pentasa, lialda, balsalazide, colaza, prednisone, solumedrol, hydrocortisone, biologics for crohns disease Asacol, tnf inhibitors, Infliximab, Colazal, aminosalicylates, crohns disease, ulcerative colitis, abdominal pain, bowel movement, diarrhea, constipation, colonoscopy, endoscopy gastrointestinal, stomach pain, stomach, intestine, duodenum, digestive disorders, digestive health, bowels, stomach, intestines, guts